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Han Chinese, Turkic peoples, Tungusic peoples, Mongolians, and Koreans have historically farmed deer for their antlers, including the sika deer, Thorold’s deer, Central Asian red deer, and elk. The Tungusic, Mongolian, and Turkic peoples of Southern Siberia, Northern Mongolia, and the Ussuri Region have also begun raising semi-domesticated herds of Asian caribou, similar to the Sami people of Finland and Scandinavia.

The Indo-Gangetic Plain Region of India and the Terai Region of Nepal have the highest concentrations of large deer species in the tropics. These fertile plains are home to chital, hog deer, barasingha, Indian sambar, and Indian muntjac in both dry and wet savannas and tropical seasonal moist deciduous forests. Large herds of grazing species like the endangered barasingha and very common chital are gregarious. Indian sambar can be friendly, but they usually live alone or in smaller groups.

Compared to Indian muntjac, hog deer are more solitary and have lower densities. Deer should be visible in a few public parks in India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka of which Kanha Public Park, Dudhwa Public Park, and Chitwan Public Park are generally well known. Large herds of Indian sambar and chital can be found in Sri Lanka’s Wilpattu National Park and Yala National Park, respectively. In Sri Lanka, the Indian sambar tend to form larger herds and are more sociable than elsewhere in their range.

The Chao Praya River Valley in Thailand was once primarily tropical seasonal moist deciduous forest and wet savanna that was home to populations of hog deer, the now-extinct Schomburgk’s deer, Eld’s deer, Indian sambar, and Indian muntjac. There were also populations of Indian sambar and Indian muntjac. Indian sambar and Indian muntjac thrive in protected national parks like Khao Yai, whereas hog deer and Eld’s deer are uncommon.

Other herbivores such as Asian elephants, various Asian rhinoceros species, various antelope species (such as the nilgai, four-horned antelope, blackbuck, and Indian gazelle in India), and wild oxen (such as wild Asian water buffalo, gaur, banteng, and kouprey) share many of these South Asian and Southeast Asian deer species’ habitats. Each species’ distinct food preferences—though some may overlap—are one way that different herbivores can coexist in a given area.