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There are hundreds of mango cultivars with names. To improve pollination in mango orchards, several cultivars are frequently grown. Due to their monoembryonic nature, many desired cultivars must be propagated through grafting or they will not breed true. “The king of mangoes” is a common monoembryonic cultivar that is a significant export product.
One of the few places in mainland Europe with a coastal subtropical climate that allows for the growth of tropical plants and fruit trees is Andalusia, Spain, where mangoes are also grown, primarily in the Málaga province. Another notable Spanish producer of the fruit is the Canary Islands. Australia, Hawai’i, and North America are additional minor cultivators. South Florida and the Coachella Valley in California are two examples.
The application of potassium nitrate and ethrel to mangoes in order to induce flowering represents a significant development in mango cultivation. The discovery was made in 1974 by a Filipino horticulturist named Ramon Barba, and it was based on the original Filipino tradition of using smoke to get mangoes to flower. It enabled mango plantations to achieve year-round flowering and fruiting. Mangoes used to be a seasonal fruit because they only bloomed once every 16 to 18 months. The majority of countries that produce mango now employ this method.