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The Indo-Persian poet Amir Khusrow referred to the mango as “the fairest fruit of Hindustan” in medieval India. At the Delhi Sultan Alauddin Khijli’s court, mangoes were popular. The fruits were especially popular in the Mughal Empire: In his Babarnameh, Babur gives the mango praise.

After his victory over the Mughal emperor Humayun, Sher Shah Suri also launched the creation of the Chaunsa variety. The grafting of thousands of mango varieties, including the well-known Totapuri, which was the first variety to be exported to Iran and Central Asia, was made possible by Mughal patronage of horticulture.

In addition, the worship of the goddess Saraswati involves the use of mango blossoms. During celebrations like Ganesh Chaturthi and weddings, mango leaves are used to decorate doors and archways in Indian homes. In Kashmiri shawls, Kanchipuram, and silk sarees, mango motifs and paisleys are prevalent in various Indian embroidery styles.

Because of its sweetness and flavor, the mango, along with the banana and jackfruit, is referred to as one of the three royal fruits in Tamil Nadu.
The name for this trio of fruits is ma-pala-vazhai. Mangoes were praised by Klidsa, a classic Sanskrit poet.