In mild climates, garlic can be grown year-round and is easy to grow. Despite the fact that garlic can be propagated sexually, the majority of garlic grown in cultivation is propagated asexually by planting individual cloves in the ground. Cloves should be planted approximately six weeks before the soil freezes in colder regions. The objective is to have the bulbs produce just roots and no shoots over the ground. Reap is in pre-summer or late-spring.
Garlic plants are easy to grow in containers with sufficient depth and can be grown close together to allow for the maturation of the bulbs. Garlic is hardy in USDA climate zones 4–9 and thrives in loose, dry, and well-drained soils in sunny locations. It is essential to select large bulbs from which to separate cloves when planting garlic. Bulb size will also increase when large cloves are planted in the planting bed and spaced appropriately. Despite their ability to thrive in a wide range of soil conditions and pH levels, garlic plants prefer to thrive in soils rich in organic matter.
There are numerous varieties of garlic, most notably divided into the hardneck and softneck subspecies. The scope where the garlic is developed influences the decision of type, as garlic can be day-length touchy. While softneck garlic is typically grown closer to the equator and produces small, tightly packed cloves, hardneck garlic is typically grown in cooler climates and produces relatively large cloves.
To concentrate all of the garlic’s energy on growing the bulbs, the scapes are removed. You can eat the scapes raw or cooked.